Frank Hoffer studied in Bremen, London and Moscow. He holds a PhD in Economics. Before joining the IL0 in 1998, he worked at the Center for Social Policy at the University of Bremen and served as Labour Counsellor at the German Embassy in Moscow. He is currently research officer at the Bureau for Workers' Activities at the ILO and international coordinator of the Global Labour University. His main area of work are social protection, wage policies and international labour standards.